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Transylvanian Prayer Rug

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Transylvanian Prayer Rug
Item Details
Description
Transylvanian Prayer Rug
185 x 133 cm (6' 1" x 4' 4")
Turkey, 17th century
Condition: good according to age, low pile, several old repairs, selvages partially rebound, slightly stained, signs of use
Warp: wool, weft: wool, pile: wool

This single-niche prayer rug, once in the Davide Halevim collection in Milan, is part of the ‘Transylvanian’ genre of weavings, which speak of the strong historical connections between the Ottoman Empire and central Europe. In fact, this carpet has a near-identical partner in the famous Black Church in Brașov, Romania (inv. No. 180), which was important enough to be exhibited in the first exhibition dedicated to these rugs in 1914 in the Museum of Applied Arts in Budapest; it was subsequently published in the ground-breaking study of this group by Emil Schmutzler in 1933.
The only slight difference between the two rugs is that this example has two delicate sprigs of hyacinth blossom protruding from the lowest edges of the prayer arch into the otherwise empty field. The minor border is unusual among any rugs from this period and the major border, known as the ‘Gothic’ pattern, is not often seen in Transylvanian rugs—it is more readily associated, in a slightly looser form, with the late 16th- and early 17th-century small-medallion Ushak.
The plain field also shows the unique weaving characteristic of the rugs from west Anatolia called lazy lines, which occur when two weavers knotting intersect. That is one of the means by which these rugs were finally attributed to Turkish looms rather than mistakenly to local weavers in Transylvania.
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Transylvanian Prayer Rug

Estimate €40,000 - €60,000
Oct 01, 2022
See Sold Price
Starting Price €20,000
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Auction Curated By
Udo Langauer
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item
0151: Transylvanian Prayer Rug
Sold for €28,0005 Bids
Est. €40,000 - €60,000Starting Price €20,000
FINE ANTIQUE ORIENTAL RUGS XXX
Oct 01, 2022 10:00 AM EDT
Buyer's Premium 28%
Lot 0151 Details
Description
...
Transylvanian Prayer Rug
185 x 133 cm (6' 1" x 4' 4")
Turkey, 17th century
Condition: good according to age, low pile, several old repairs, selvages partially rebound, slightly stained, signs of use
Warp: wool, weft: wool, pile: wool

This single-niche prayer rug, once in the Davide Halevim collection in Milan, is part of the ‘Transylvanian’ genre of weavings, which speak of the strong historical connections between the Ottoman Empire and central Europe. In fact, this carpet has a near-identical partner in the famous Black Church in Brașov, Romania (inv. No. 180), which was important enough to be exhibited in the first exhibition dedicated to these rugs in 1914 in the Museum of Applied Arts in Budapest; it was subsequently published in the ground-breaking study of this group by Emil Schmutzler in 1933.
The only slight difference between the two rugs is that this example has two delicate sprigs of hyacinth blossom protruding from the lowest edges of the prayer arch into the otherwise empty field. The minor border is unusual among any rugs from this period and the major border, known as the ‘Gothic’ pattern, is not often seen in Transylvanian rugs—it is more readily associated, in a slightly looser form, with the late 16th- and early 17th-century small-medallion Ushak.
The plain field also shows the unique weaving characteristic of the rugs from west Anatolia called lazy lines, which occur when two weavers knotting intersect. That is one of the means by which these rugs were finally attributed to Turkish looms rather than mistakenly to local weavers in Transylvania.
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